Causes of Dyslexia

Research indicates that one primary cause of dyslexia is poorly developed phonological awareness. Phonological awareness is the ability to judge the number, order, and sameness or difference of sounds in words. Phonological awareness typically developes well before children are taught letters. It first develops when a child is learning to speak and hears a word and tries to learn to repeat it correctly.

Einstein MontessoriAnother example of early phonological awareness is the ability to rhyme words, which typically develops around 3 years of age. Thus, well before children are taught letters and their sounds commonly called “phonics instruction”, the brain typically learns to hear, see, and feel the differences between individual sounds and sounds put together in the form of words. Individuals with poorly developed phonological awareness and the ensuing difficulty with reading have developmental dyslexia.

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